Public health 5-19 - mental health and wellbeing

According to the World Health Organisation, mental health is defined as "a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community."

It can affect our ability to learn, influence how we think and feel about ourselves and how we cope with differing events throughout our lives.

Children and young people can face many uncertainties, difficulties and problems whilst navigating their way through childhood. Helping them to build resilience (the ability to bounce back) is key to enabling them to thrive and achieve.  The information on this page aims to assist school staff to create a whole school approach to supporting pupils.

The latest survey published by NHS Digital in November 2018 found that:

  • One in eight (12.8%) 5 to 19 year olds had at least one mental disorder when assessed in 2017.
  • Specific mental disorders were grouped into four broad categories: emotional, behavioural, hyperactivity and other less common disorders.
  • Emotional disorders were the most prevalent type of disorder experienced by 5 to 19 year olds in 2017 (8.1%), of these anxiety disorders were more common than depressive disorders.
  • Non-heterosexual identity was associated with a mental disorder.
  • Self-esteem and mental wellbeing were higher in boys than girls.
  • Being bullied and bullying (including cyberbullying) others was more common in young people with a mental disorder.
  • Self-harm or suicide attempt was reported in one in four 11 to 16 year olds with a mental disorder.

You can access the full survey results published by NHS Digital here: Mental Health of Children and Young People in England, 2017

As part of the Government's 'Future in Mind' Improvement Programme for children and young people's emotional wellbeing and mental health services, since 2015 every area is required to have a publicly available Local Transformation Plan and to refresh it annually.

The Cumbria Children and Young People's Resilience, Emotional Wellbeing and Mental Health Transformation Plan (PDF 1.56MB) sets out the key priorities and also the action plan to improve services and outcomes for children, young people and their families across Cumbria. 

Cumbria Children and Young People's Resilience, Emotional Wellbeing and Mental Health Transformation Plan (Easy read version PDF 360KB)

Watch two short films made about the plan, one by young people and one by Commissioners of services

Please find below the NHS link for information and management of the condition along with useful websites.

Time to Change Resources to Challenge Mental Health Stigma and Discrimination
Resources for the whole community to improve knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, to help challenge mental health stigma and discrimination.

Stand Up Kid - Time to Change Video 
Aimed at understanding and reducing the stigma of mental health.

NHS Choices : Anxiety  

Anxiety BC youth

Anxiety UK

NHS Choices: bipolar disorder

NHS Choices: Depression

NHS Choices: eating disorders   

beat - beating eating disorders 

NHS Choices: Generalised anxiety disorder 

NHS Choices: Obsessive Compulsive disorder

OCD action 

NHS Choices: Psychosis 

NHS Choices: Phobias 

NHS Choices: Panic attacks

NHS Choices: Panic disorder

NHS Choices: Self-Harm

No Harm Done - film for young people  
Explores speaking out about self-harm from a young person's view who self harm.

No Harm Done - film for professionals  
For staff working with young people, explores how to recognise and respond to young people who self-harm.

No Harm Done - film for parents
Looks at how parents respond to their child self-harming and the views of the young person and their responses.

Selfharm UK
Self Harm UK supports young people impacted by self-harm, providing a safe space to talk, ask any questions and be honest. It also supports parents, carers and professionals involved with young people.

Self Injury Support UK 
Information to support those who self harm and mental health through providing resources and training includes lessons plans and teaching resources.

NHS Choices: Suicide

PAPYRUS - Prevention of young suicide

Stem4 - supporting teenage mental health

Survivors of Bereavement by suicide

ADHD Foundation

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families

CAMHS and My Time Cumbria

Carlisle and Eden Mind

Child Bereavement UK


Cumbria Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB)

DocReady - helps you get ready for the first time you visit a doctor to discuss your mental health

Headspace - meditation made simple

Health anxiety (NHS)

Health for Teens

Health talk

Kooth - free, safe and anonymous online support for young people

Mental Health 

The Healthy Young Minds website. Here you can find a variety of advice, guidance and support related to children and young people's mental health and emotional wellbeing.


Free educational resource and training on over 300 topics and is aimed at anyone working regularly with children or young people. there is also E-learning for professionals, online support for families and information from trusted sources.

Moodjuice - self help resources


PSHE Association's guidance and lesson plans 
Guidance on preparing to teach mental health and emotional wellbeing: includes guidance and lesson plans KS1-4.

Public Health England Resources
PSHE curriculum topics for KS3/4 pupils, with flexible lesson plans. Topics include bullying, cyberbullying, smoking, online stress, alcohol and exam stress.

Rethink - mental illness

Rise Above UK 
Rise Above aimed at young people to get them talking about things that matter to them. Uses inspiring and useful stories, videos, games and advice.

Royal College of Psychiatrists 

Samaritans Developing Emotional Awareness and listening teaching resource 
KS4 free teaching resource aimed at students aged 14 and over and inclusive of all abilities and learning styles. DEAL is a free resource for teachers and other educational professionals designed to help develop resilience in young people. Lesson plans, activities, hand-outs, DEAL digital resources, teachers' notes and staff training materials which can all be accessed and downloaded at any time.

Sudden and traumatic death and bereavement
A guide for schools and educational settings in Cumbria

The Children's Society

The Mix - free online support for under 25's

Winston's Wish - charity for bereaved children

Youth Mental Health - NHS Choices

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